The artist, George Stubbs (1724-1806), was so fascinated by equine physiology that he performed numerous dissections of horses and posed the cadavers in different ways so he could understand how the equine body moves. A close study of Whistlejacket reveals that Stubbs captured the horse’s veins, muscles, and imperfections along with his intensity and athleticism.In 1762, Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and later a two-term British Prime Minister, commissioned Stubbs to create portraits of some of his racehorses, including Whistlejacket. The Rockingham family kept the painting of Whistlejacket until 1997 when the National Gallery at Trafalgar Square in London purchased it for £11 million, or almost $18 million.
Foaled in 1749, Whistlejacket was sired by Mogul, a son of the Godolphin Arabian, and he was also descended from the Byerly Turk and the Bloody-Shouldered Arabian. A successful racehorse, Whistlejacket was famous for having lost only four races in his six-year career, although he left little mark on the Thoroughbred breed. He was a spirited and difficult horse, and one legend says the real Whistlejacket was furious and lashed out at the painting when he saw it.George Stubbs was well-known for his 18th century paintings of horses and other animals. Even today equine artists study his drawings from The Anatomy of the Horse (1766) to learn about equine physiology. Some of his other famous paintings include the Godolphin Arabian and Horse Attacked by a Lion.
By the way, the name “Whistlejacket” comes from an 18th century cold remedy containing sloe gin and caramelized sugar syrup.
Below is a 25-minute discussion by the National Gallery on this unique and memorable painting.